Precipitable Water Method

The spectral shift factor for CdTe is primarily driven by the amount of precipitable water in the atmosphere, and consequently, the primary input to the calculation is precipitable water. There are several viable sources for precipitable water data: TMY3 data, free online websites, and approximations derived from either relative humidity and ambient temperature data or dewpoint temperature and ambient temperature data.

PlantPredict automatically chooses the best input data source for you, depending on what fields are available in your weather file. If precipitable water data is directly available in your weather file, PlantPredict will use that as input to the calculation. If precipitable water is not available, PlantPredict will estimate precipitable water from relative humidity and ambient temperature. Finally, if no relative humidity data is available, PlantPredict will estimate precipitable water from dewpoint temperature and ambient temperature.

Inputs

Precipitable Water Method Inputs

 

Outputs

 

Algorithm

1.) If neither relative humidity nor precipitable water data is available in the weather file, first estimate the relative humidity from dewpoint and ambient temperatures using the following approximation:

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2.) If relative humidity is available in the weather file or if dewpoint was used to estimate relative humidity, estimate the precipitable water using the following approximation, where the air temperature is given in Kelvin, and the relative humidity is given as a percentage:

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3.) Find the spectral shift factor:

a.) For First Solar Series 2, Series 3, and Series 4 modules:

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b.) For First Solar Series 4-2 and newer modules:

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